Home EYFS & ECM

EYFS & ECM

EYFS (Early years foundation stage)

ECM (Every child matters)

EYFS (Early years foundation stage)

Between birth and the age of 5 years all children will be cared for within the Early Years Foundation stage (EYFS)

As a childminder it is my responsibility to fulfil the requirements of the EYFS and ensure that your child receives the best level of care and education.

You as the parent/carer are your child’s first and best educator and you know more about your child than anyone else. Therefore I want to involve you in this important step in your child’s care and education as much as possible. We need to work closely and I would like to feel that you could come and talk to me at any time to discuss your child’s progress and to let me know what they are doing at home.

The EYFS is based around four themes:

  1. A unique child
    Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.
  2. Positive relationships
    Children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or a key person.
  3. Enabling environments
    The environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children’s developing and learning.
  4. Learning and development
    Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of learning and development are equally important and inter-connected

Each theme is broken down into four further principles:

  1. We must appreciate every child as unique, ensure we know about child development and inclusive practice, and ensure we are committed to keeping children safe and healthy.

  2. The principle of positive relationships stresses the need to respect everyone (this links to inclusive practice) and helps us to learn how to treat parents as equal partners in their child’s learning and development. We must support children’s learning while acting as each child’s key person.

  3. The child's environment must be enabling i.e. every child must be able to access our home and play with our resources. While we support each child to achieve, we must make sure the learning environment is appropriately set up and we use links with children’s other settings or agencies involved with the child to support them fully.

  4. The 6 areas of learning and development. We cannot observe or plan without fully understanding what each area means and how it must be used to support children’s learning.

    There are 6 areas of learning and development. They are:
  • Personal, social and emotional development (PSED)
  • Communication, language and literacy (CLL)
  • Problem solving, reasoning and numeracy (PSR&N)
  • Knowledge and understanding of the world (KUW)
  • Physical development (PD)
  • Creative Development (CD)

 

The six areas of learning and development: A guide for parents

Personal, social and emotional development

This area of learning and development relates to how your child

  • Shares and takes turns with others
  • Enjoys the company of friends
  • Learns to behave responsibly
  • Learns to deal with their emotions and feelings
  • Starts to care for themselves

Communication, language and literacy

This area of learning and development relates to how your child

  • Uses verbal or non-verbal language to communicate with others
  • Enjoys books and makes up stories
  • Makes marks and starts to give them meaning
  • Starts to link sounds and letters

Problem solving, reasoning and numeracy

This area of learning and development relates to how your child

  • Joins in with singing and rhymes
  • Explores patterns and shapes in play
  • Uses measures for example in cooking or water play
  • Enjoys solving real life problems such as  jigsaws, matching games and puzzles

Knowledge and understanding of the world

This area of learning and development relates to how your child

  • Finds out about the world
  • Uses ICT, computers, telephones, tills, mobile phones, stereos etc
  • Develops an understanding of the passing of time and their place in the world
  • Enjoys and participates in a variety of multicultural activities

Physical development

This area of learning and development relates to how your child

  • Joins in with activities using their developing large muscles for example running, jumping, climbing etc
  • Enjoys small muscle activities such as sewing, threading, cutting, painting, drawing etc
  • Learns about their health and safety

Creative development

This area of learning and development relates to how your child

  • Explores the world through messy and creative activities such as play dough, modelling, drawing, collages, painting, glue etc
  • Makes music, sings and dances
  • Uses role play to make sense of the world

The National Childminders Association provides a guide for parents and carers: The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) for parents and carers

Every child matters

I also follow the government’s five outcomes of Every Child Matters

  • A healthy child
  • A safe child
  • Helping children enjoy and achieve
  • Making a positive contribution
  • Skills for the future / organisation

More information about Every Child Matters was originally available on the Department for children, school and families website. This department has been discontinued by  the new governement. An archive copy of the Every Child Matters website is available on the National Archives website.

Some material originally provided by the Every Child Matters website is now available of the website of the Department for Education:

Many links on the Department for Education website point to the discontinued Department for children, school and families website.